Pyrolysis – generating heat, steam, and electricity from organic waste

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Mailhem Ikos Environment

With the advent of new technologies and processes, treating and converting organic waste into renewable energy has become simpler and more effective. One such technique widely used to convert waste to energy is Pyrolysis. Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of organic waste (biomass) in the absence of oxygen. By-products generated in this process include biochar, bio-oil, and gases such as methane, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide. According to Wikipedia, the word ‘Pyrolysis’ is coined from the Greek-derived elements pyro meaning ‘fire’ and lysis meaning ‘separating’.

Pyrolysis finds extensive use in the chemical industry and also in some forms of cooking such as baking, frying, grilling, and caramelizing. However, this technique has found widespread adoption in the Waste Management Industry, where organic waste is chemically decomposed to generate synthesis gas, pyrolysis liquid, and solid char. Synthesis gas produced through this technique is used to generate electricity while pyrolysis liquid can…

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